How to care for a cactus

Cactus

If you’re one of those people who would like to decorate their home with plants, but feel that they don’t do well with anything related to gardening, we recommend you start by having a cactus. Cactuses are beautiful plants and ideal for filling in the gaps in your home. Besides, they are very resistant. But beware, just because they don’t require much attention doesn’t mean they don’t need some care. That’s why here we tell you everything you need to know to have a cactus in your home.

We must not forget that cactuses will need the care that any plant needs. So let’s get down to basics.

Watering

Surely you’ve come to this post interested in this information. We have seen in the movies that cacti are able to survive in the desert. And it’s true. Cacti are plants that are able to survive very hot climates. But this doesn’t mean that they can survive for months without receiving water.

regar cactus

One curiosity that makes cacti very special is that they can accumulate water in their tissues to survive. When you water them, give them enough water so that they can store. Wet the soil where they are planted fairly well, so that the roots have no trouble absorbing water.

How often should you water?

This depends on the climate and the season you are in. Generally, if you are in a warm place or season, you should water your cactus weekly or every two weeks. If you are in a cold place or season, you can stop watering for up to a month.

We repeat that when watering you must be generous with the water. But do not water until you see the dry substrate.

Soil

As we mentioned, cacti can live even in the desert, so it is common for them to adapt to poor soils. But if they have the opportunity to grow in soil where they are provided with nutrients, they will grow healthier and stronger.

Sustrato para cactus

Give your cactus a well-drained soil that retains moisture, has medium nutrient content and is not acidic. You can use sand mixed with organic material. Sand will help maintain moisture and keep the cactus base from pests and fungi.

Lighting and temperature

Some cactus species can survive direct exposure to the sun without problems, others cannot. To tell the difference, see if your cactus has many or few spines. If it has many spines, it is one of the species that can be exposed directly to the sun.

However, in both cases, too much direct sunlight can be harmful. So, leave your cactus in a bright place where it only gets direct light a few hours a day. A window is the ideal place. If you are exposing it too much to the sun, the cactus will warn you by turning yellow.

exposición al sol

Cactuses like warm environments, so they won’t survive frost. Keep your cactus in a place where the temperature is approximately 20° C.

Fertilizers

You will find special cactus fertilizers that contain the nutrients and minerals your cactus needs. Fertilize your plant biweekly in early fall.

What should my cactus pot look like?

The pot is definitely very important! First of all, you should choose a pot with holes in the bottom, so that excess water can be drained off when watering.

Macetas de cactusAlso, it should be the right size for the size and shape of your cactus. If your cactus is the round type, you will need a wide pot. If your cactus grows longer, you’ll need a longer pot. Take a good look at the shape of your cactus when choosing a pot.

Another important aspect of the pot is the material it is made of. We suggest a varnished clay pot that will help the soil to sweat out any excess water.

Should I transplant my cactus?

Trasplante de cactusYou will probably have to transplant the cactus for various reasons. The most common is that your cactus has run out of room to continue growing and you need to move it to a place where it will be easier for it to develop. Another reason may be that it is time to change the soil of your cactus because it has run out of nutrients.

Whatever the reason, follow these recommendations:

1. Be very careful not to hurt yourself with the thorns.
2. Transplant in the spring.
3. Do not water the cactus until at least three days after transplanting.
4. Leave your cactus in a shady place during the days after transplanting.

As you may have noticed, cacti are the ideal plants for people who don’t have much time to garden. They are easy to water and make a beautiful decoration. Would you like to have one? Let us know if you have any additional cactus care tips.

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