You probably remember bonsai as miniature trees. But what you probably didn’t know is that the ficus species are widely used by those who are just starting out in the bonsai business. This is mainly because bonsai are relatively simple to care for and have the characteristic of being very resilient.
If you are encouraged to have your own bonsai ficus, we assure you that you will have a beautiful miniature tree with shiny green leaves. Follow the care we describe below and you will see how easy it is to take care of our bonsai ficus at home.
Basic care of bonsai ficus
The biggest recommendation we make regarding where to place your bonsai ficus, is that you place it in your patio or garden. We want to emphasize that these plants will grow healthier and more vigorous if they are outdoors.
In addition, it is more likely that the high humidity conditions needed by bonsai ficus can be maintained outside.
Just make sure you protect your plant well in cold seasons.
Lighting and temperature
For your bonsai ficus to develop properly, you should place it in a well-lit area with natural light. However, it is not necessary to expose it directly to sunlight.
You must keep in mind that bonsai ficus need a lot of light for healthy growth. Even if you have them indoors, you should leave them, for example, near a window. If your plant does not receive enough light, you will probably start to see the development of very fragile roots and stems in it.
In terms of temperature, as mentioned above, you should protect your bonsai ficus from very cold climates where temperatures drop below 4°C or 5°C. Remember that many of the ficus trees are of tropical origin, so they get along better with warm temperatures.
Watering bonsai ficus
As with many other plants, you should observe the soil where your bonsai ficus is planted to know when to water. When you notice that your plant’s substrate is almost dry, you should provide a moderate amount of water through the soil surface.
Excess water can rot your plant’s roots, so be very careful. It is very important that your bonsai ficus pot has drainage holes through which any excess water can drain.
You should also keep in mind that you should refresh the leaves frequently. This way, your bonsai ficus will have healthy leaves that will give it a dense appearance.
Pruning is one of the most important aspects when caring for any type of bonsai. Remember that it is through pruning that bonsai keep the shape you decide to give them.
We recommend that you wear gloves during pruning, or wash your hands thoroughly after pruning your bonsai ficus. Remember that, like any other ficus, it gives off a toxic sap that helps it a lot to seal the cuts.
Substrate and fertilizer
It is essential for your bonsai ficus to have a very well-drained soil. As we have told you, any excess water in the substrate can damage your plant.
The frequency of fertilization will depend on the season. Don’t be afraid to fertilize your bonsai ficus. Remember that bonsai are plants that demand a lot of nutrients from their substrate. During the months that do not belong to the winter, you can fertilize your bonsai even fortnightly. When winter arrives, fertilize monthly.
As for the type of fertilizer you should use, you can use some organic fertilizer such as worm humus. If you prefer, you can also use some liquid fertilizer that you can dilute in the irrigation water. We assure you that in your favourite garden shop you can get some ideal fertilizer for your bonsai ficus.
Pests and diseases
In places of extreme humidity, your bonsai ficus is exposed to fungal diseases. In addition, bonsai leaves are a favorite home for some insects.
If you notice that your bonsai has been invaded by a pest, remember to remove the affected parts immediately, so that the plant does not continue to get sick.
Consult your favorite garden store for recommendations on a suitable insecticide for your bonsai ficus pest.
As you have seen, bonsai ficus require certain care to develop healthily. But we assure you that, with some time and dedication, you will be able to have a beautiful miniature tree in your garden decoration.
Let us know what you think of these tips!