How to take care of a bonsai

como cuidar un bonsai

You’ve probably heard that bonsai are very difficult plants to care for. However, caring for bonsai will be very easy if you have knowledge about issues such as watering, fertilizing, what light it should receive, how it should be pruned and how to transplant it.

Choose the location of your bonsai

Now that you’ve decided to have a bonsai, you must find a good place for it. For this, you must consider the species of your bonsai. If you are caring for a species that is not favoured by the climate of your region, it is best to have the bonsai inside the house. Otherwise, your bonsai is sure to do well outside. In both cases, always make sure it is located where it gets good light and is not exposed to too much heat. Don’t expose the bonsai directly to the sun and watch out for too much wind.

How to water a bonsai?

Never give your bonsai more water than it needs. Your bonsai soil should be moist, but if you overwater it, you risk rotting its roots. That’s why you should wait until the soil begins to dry out before watering. Do not make watering a daily practice if it is not necessary.

Always take into account the climate of your region. If you live in a hot place, you should be very careful about watering. If you live in a wet area, this will help the soil not dry out too quickly, so you won’t need to water as often.

how to water a bonsai

Bonsai fertilizer

You should always fertilize your bonsai during the seasons when it grows, autumn and spring. Remember that your plant is growing in a small space, so the sustenance it needs is scarce. There are special bonsai fertilizers that provide the potassium, phosphorus and nitrogen that your bonsai needs.

Is it necessary to transplant our bonsai?

Depending on whether your bonsai is young or mature, it is recommended that you transplant every two or three years respectively. Transplanting will allow your bonsai to always be in fresh soil and thus not have any difficulty in absorbing nutrients.

Steps to transplanting a bonsai

– Take the bonsai out of the pot, being careful not to damage its roots.
– Remove the soil from your bonsai and trim any roots that have grown excessively. Be careful not to cut too many roots.
– Prepare a pot with drainage holes and place a layer of soil on the bottom.
– Place the bonsai, and if you want to, help yourself with wire to fix the roots and give the plant stability.
– Fill the rest of the pot with soil until the base of the bonsai is covered. If needed, water the soil until it is moist.

How to prune a bonsai?

Pruning bonsai is very important if we want our plant to grow healthy. There are two types of bonsai pruning: one to shape it and another to maintain it.

How to prune a bonsai

Pruning to shape or pinching

This is the most complicated kind of pruning. You must perform it very carefully, as it can influence the health of your plant. Shape your bonsai in late autumn or early spring and never do this pruning in full sun.

Use sharp scissors to cut off any branches that look too thick, stick out of the foliage or are simply not growing in the shape you chose for your bonsai.

Maintenance pruning

This pruning will allow your bonsai to remain the way you chose for it. Cut off the branches that stick out from the shape of your bonsai with sharp scissors.

Taking care of bonsai definitely requires patience, but through it we can achieve beautiful results. Now that you know all these tips and tricks for caring for a bonsai, it doesn’t seem so difficult, does it? Do you dare to have one?

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